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20 CD RECORDING
Making recordings on the CDR 20 is simple and
easy once you become accustomed to the
basics of CD Recording. Before making your
first recording, please take a moment to review
the CDR Basics on page 14. In particular, you
will need to become familiar with the types of
discs that may or may not be used in the
CDR 20. In addition, some terms used in the
following pages may be new to you.The follow-
ing definitions and information will help you to
make CD recordings using the CDR 20’s many
• The CDR 20 accepts analog inputs and digital
coax or optical inputs. Before making a
recording, be certain that you have selected
the correct input.
• After a disc is recorded, it must be finalized.
This process adds a table of contents data to
the disc and makes it playable on other
machines. Until a disc is properly finalized, it
may not be played on standard CD players.
• The CDR 20 may record on either CD-R or
CD-RW discs, but they must be of the type
specifically designed for use in consumer-
audio CD recorders.These discs may be rec-
ognized by looking for the words “Digital
Audio” in the compact disc logo on the blank
disc or its packaging. Discs with the logo
reading only “Compact Disc/Recordable” are
designed for computer data recording, and
they will NOT work in the CDR 20.
• CD-R discs may not be erased or have
material added to them once they have been
• At least four (4) seconds of blank recording
time must remain on an unfinalized disc for
recording to take place.
• The maximum number of tracks that may be
recorded on a disc is 99.
• Note that some CD-R/CD-RW audio recording
discs may be used for single-speed recordings
only. If you use a disc with such a warning,
make certain not to make a dub at x2 or x4
speed. However, the CDR 20 has been tested
for compatibility with a wide range of blank
discs from manufacturers throughout the
world. In most cases, blank discs will produce
high-quality recordings at any dub speed.
• In some rare cases, a CD player may not be
compatible with CD-R discs. If you find that a
CD-R disc plays in some players but not in
others, the fault is most likely with the player,
not with the recorded disc or the CDR 20.
Remember that CD-RW discs made in the
CDR 20 will play only in CD players that are
specially designed to accommodate CD-RW
discs. Note that most DVD players are com-
patible with finalized CD-RW discs.
• Some commercial CD discs may contain a
copy protection data bit that will prevent the
disc from being dubbed. In that case, the
Copy Prohibit Indicator G will light to
remind you that the inability to record is
intentional, and not the result of a problem
with the CDR 20.
• This product is equipped with the Serial Copy
Management System (SCMS) to protect the
rights of copyright owners.Although it is
possible to make a copy of most CDs for
your own personal use, it is not possible to
make a digital copy from another digital copy
but it is possible to make an analog copy of
a digital copy.
RECORDINGS MAY BE MADE FOR
PERSONAL USE ONLY, AND ANY
UNAUTHORIZED COPYING IS SUBJECT
TO THE APPLICABLE LAW.
The CDR 20 will not copy DVD discs, comput-
data discs, CD-based computer or video-
game discs, or digital audio discs with a sam-
ple rate that is not compatible with the range
of the CDR 20’s sample-rate converter.
Recordings on the CDR 20 may be made in a
number of ways:
• Discs may be dubbed using the playback
deck on the CDR 20 as a source.These copies
may be made in real time, at twice normal
speed, or at four times normal playback
• Recordings may be made from an external
CD player or other digital source that is
synchronized with the dub being made in the
• Recordings may be made from any compati-
ble external digital source.
• Recordings may be made from an external
• CD-RW discs may not be erased and reused
more than 99 times.This is a limitation of the
CD-RW format, not a fault of the CDR 20.
The easiest way to make a copy of an entire
disc is to use the CDR 20’s internal dub
First, insert a blank or unformatted disc in the
Record Drawer %. When the disc is inserted,
the CDR 20 will examine it to determine if it
is a CD-R or CD-RW disc, and optimize itself
for the best possible recording.This is indicated
by OPC message in the Information
Place the disc to be dubbed in the Play
Drawer 3 and wait until the Table of
Contents data is read and the Information
Display K shows the track and running time
data for the disc.
Next, select a dub speed.The default speed is a
real-time dub, where the recording takes as
long as the actual running time of the disc.
However, with the CDR 20 you may also select
x2 dubbing or x4 dubbing. Press the Speed
button s# to select a speed as indicated by
the x2/x4 Indicators F.When no Speed
Indicator lights, the unit is set to real-time
recording. Note that the slower the record-dub
speed, the more tolerant the unit is of errors on
the blank disc. However, with most high-quality
blank discs, the 2x and 4x speeds should not
present a problem.
When you are ready to start the dub, press the
Dubbing Button l).The Play Deck will
begin to read the track information again to
make certain that there is enough space on the
blank disc for the recording. During this process
the Dubbing Indicator H will light, the
Record Indicator T will flash and a BUSY
message will flash in the Record Deck’s
Information Display K.When both
Information Display Indicators return to normal,
with indications of 01 00:00, press the
Play/Select Button j*˘ to start the dub.
While the dub is in progress, you will see the
track numbers and running time increase as
the disc is copied.The Level Indicators will also
flash but this is only for your reference, as
record levels may not be adjusted during digital
recordings. It is possible to listen to the source
disc while it is being dubbed by selecting the
appropriate input on your receiver, preamp or
Important Note: When a high-speed (x2 or
x4) dub is being made, you will hear the play-
back from the CDP outputs ¡¢• at the
faster speed. Fast speed playback increases the
pitch of a sound, and when played back at high
volume levels this may damage your speakers.
DO NOT use high volume levels when listening
to high-speed dubs while they are in progress.
The dub will stop automatically when the
source disc has played through to the end.After
the dub is finished, the Information Display will
show an UPDATE message, and then return
to normal operation.To manually stop a dub-
bing operation, press the Stop button
x&¸ for either deck.
As with all recorded CD-R/CD-RW discs, the
disc must be finalized before it can be played in
other machines. See page 22 for instructions on